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Open Access Research

Identifying time-varying channels with aid of pilots for MIMO-OFDM

Zijian Tang12* and Geert Leus2

Author Affiliations

1 TNO P.O. Box 96864, 2509 JG The Hague, The Netherlands

2 Delft University of Technology - Fac. EEMCS Mekelweg 4, 2628 CD Delft, The Netherlands

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EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing 2011, 2011:74  doi:10.1186/1687-6180-2011-74

Published: 26 September 2011

Abstract

In this paper, we consider pilot-aided channel estimation for orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) systems with a multiple-input multiple-output setup. The channel is time varying due to Doppler effects and can be approximated by an oversampled complex exponential basis expansion model. We use a best linear unbiased estimator (BLUE) to estimate the channel with the aid of frequency-multiplexed pilots. The applicability of the BLUE, which is referred to as the channel identifiability in this paper, relies upon a proper pilot structure. Depending on whether the channel is estimated within a single OFDM symbol or multiple OFDM symbols, we propose simple pilot structures that guarantee channel identifiability. Further, it is shown that by employing more receive antennas, the BLUE can combat more effectively the Doppler-induced interference and therefore improve the channel estimation performance.

Keywords:
MIMO; OFDM; BLUE; time-varying channel; pilot-aided channel estimation; BEM