Open Access Research Article

Analysis and Modelling of Muscles Motion during Whole Body Vibration

M Cesarelli1*, A Fratini1, P Bifulco1, A La Gatta2, M Romano1 and G Pasquariello1

Author Affiliations

1 Department of Biomedical Electronic and Telecommunication Engineering, University of Naples "Federico II", 80125 Naples, Italy

2 Math4Tech Centre, University of Ferrara, Ferrara, 44100 Ferrara, Italy

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EURASIP Journal on Advances in Signal Processing 2010, 2010:972353  doi:10.1155/2010/972353

Published: 12 November 2009

Abstract

The aim of the study is to characterize the local muscles motion in individuals undergoing whole body mechanical stimulation. In this study we aim also to evaluate how subject positioning modifies vibration dumping, altering local mechanical stimulus. Vibrations were delivered to subjects by the use of a vibrating platform, while stimulation frequency was increased linearly from 15 to 60 Hz. Two different subject postures were here analysed. Platform and muscles motion were monitored using tiny MEMS accelerometers; a contra lateral analysis was also presented. Muscle motion analysis revealed typical displacement trajectories: motion components were found not to be purely sinusoidal neither in phase to each other. Results also revealed a mechanical resonant-like behaviour at some muscles, similar to a second-order system response. Resonance frequencies and dumping factors depended on subject and his positioning. Proper mechanical stimulation can maximize muscle spindle solicitation, which may produce a more effective muscle activation.